Artefact Details

CDPFP - Proclamation Flag Pole and Plaque

Identity - Common name, type, cataloguer

Catalogue Number : CDPFP
Common Name : Proclamation Flag Pole and Plaque
Field Cataloguer : Michelle Berry
Date catalogued in field - 24-Jun-2009
Type : Category 1: Structures - Other Structure (definition)

Location - Name of place, position and current storage

Field Location : Proclamation Pole, Anemometer Hill (definition)

Description - materials, markings, dimensions

Description :
On the 5th January, 1931 Mawson returned to Cape Denison as the leader of BANZARE. The prime motivation of the tripartite supported expedition was to assert the sovereignty of the British Commonwealth over the portions of the Antarctic that British subjects had discovered. His landing at Cape Denison was therefore the annexation stie for what has now become known as Eastern Australian Antarctic Territory. To provide some formalisation of his claim he affixed a small carved timber plaque and proclamation to the mast of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition anemometer station located on Anemometer Hill. (William Blunt., Mawsons' Huts Antarctica A Conservation Proposal. Vol One. 1991. p 111)
Materials : Metal - Ferrous (definition)
Wood - Worked (definition)
Date of Production : 1931
Production Method : Hand-made

Condition - status, conservation assessment, completeness

DateTypeDetails
11-Jan-2011 Condition Assessment Inspection of the condition of the Proclamation Pole and replica plaque was carried out during the Mawsons Huts Foundation expedition 2009-2010.

Completeness - Complete

Location - Cape Denison

©Mawson's Huts Foundation and AAD, Commonwealth of Australia 2011
Catalogue id
IA31215
Caption
Reverse of the replica proclamation plaque at Cape Denison
Photographer
Ross, Antonia

©Mawson's Huts Foundation and AAD, Commonwealth of Australia 2011
Catalogue id
IA31216
Caption
Front face of the replica proclamation plaque at Cape Denison
Photographer
Ross, Antonia

©Mawson's Huts Foundation and AAD, Commonwealth of Australia 2011
Catalogue id
IA31217
Caption
Front face of the replica proclamation plaque at Cape Denison
Photographer
Ross, Antonia

©Mawson's Huts Foundation and AAD, Commonwealth of Australia 2011
Catalogue id
IA31218
Caption
The western edge of the replica proclamation plaque at Cape Denison
Photographer
Ross, Antonia

©Mawson's Huts Foundation and AAD, Commonwealth of Australia 2011
Catalogue id
IA31219
Caption
The eastern edge of the replica proclamation plaque at Cape Denison
Photographer
Ross, Antonia

©Mawson's Huts Foundation and AAD, Commonwealth of Australia 2011
Catalogue id
IA31220
Caption
Reverse of the replica proclamation plaque at Cape Denison
Photographer
Ross, Antonia

©Mawson's Huts Foundation and AAD, Commonwealth of Australia 2011
Catalogue id
IA31221
Caption
Reverse of the replica proclamation plaque at Cape Denison
Photographer
Ross, Antonia

©Mawson's Huts Foundation and AAD, Commonwealth of Australia 2011
Catalogue id
IA31222
Caption
Reverse of the replica proclamation plaque at Cape Denison
Photographer
Ross, Antonia

©Mawson's Huts Foundation and AAD, Commonwealth of Australia 2011
Catalogue id
IA31223
Caption
The top edge of the replica proclamation plaque at Cape Denison
Photographer
Ross, Antonia

©Mawson's Huts Foundation and AAD, Commonwealth of Australia 2011
Catalogue id
IA31224
Caption
The top edge of the replica proclamation plaque at Cape Denison
Photographer
Ross, Antonia


References - Mawson's Huts Foundation Expedition Report 2010-11 (2011) Peter McCabe, Matt Tucker, Antonia Ross, Stirling Smith, Dr David Tingay View and download PDF
3-Jan-2010 Condition Assessment Inspection of the condition of the Proclamation Pole and replica plaque was carried out during the Mawsons Huts Foundation expedition 2009-2010.

Completeness - Complete

Condition - Good

Location - Cape Denison

©Mawson's Huts Foundation and AAD, Commonwealth of Australia 2010
Catalogue id
IA23359
Caption
Proclamation pole and replica plaque
Photographer
Berry, Michelle

©Mawson's Huts Foundation and AAD, Commonwealth of Australia 2010
Catalogue id
IA23360
Caption
Proclamation pole and replica plaque
Photographer
Berry, Michelle

©Mawson's Huts Foundation and AAD, Commonwealth of Australia 2010
Catalogue id
IA23361
Caption
Proclamation pole and replica plaque
Photographer
Berry, Michelle


References - 2009 - 2010 Mawsons Huts Foundation Expedition Heritage and Conservation Report (2010) Berry, Michelle., Steele, Jody., Passingham, Martin., Absolon, Megan., Maxwell, Peter., Farrell, Mark. View and download PDF
7-Jan-2009 Condition Assessment The condition of the replica plaque and the original flagpoles was documented in a series of photographs by Dr Ian Godfrey during the 2008/2009 Mawson's Huts Foundation field season.

Completeness - Complete

Condition - Good

Location - Cape Denison

©AAD, Copyright Commonwealth of Australia 2009
Catalogue id
IA18384
Caption
Proclamation flag pole and plaque showing detail of replica plaque
Photographer
Godfrey, Ian

©AAD, Copyright Commonwealth of Australia 2009
Catalogue id
IA18385
Caption
Proclamation flag pole and plaque showing detail of replica plaque and the wire attachment to the flag pole
Photographer
Godfrey, Ian

©AAD, Copyright Commonwealth of Australia 2009
Catalogue id
IA18386
Caption
Proclamation flag pole and plaque showing detail of replica plaque and the fastenings holding the pipes and replica plaque together
Photographer
Godfrey, Ian

©AAD, Copyright Commonwealth of Australia 2009
Catalogue id
IA18387
Caption
Proclamation flag pole and plaque showing detail of replica plaque and the fastenings holding the pipes and replica plaque together
Photographer
Godfrey, Ian

©AAD, Copyright Commonwealth of Australia 2009
Catalogue id
IA18388
Caption
Proclamation flag pole and plaque showing detail of replica plaque and the fastenings holding the pipes and replica plaque together
Photographer
Godfrey, Ian


References - Mawson's Huts Foundation 2008-09 Heritage and Scientific Report (2009) Godfrey, Ian., Absolon, Megan., Berry, Michelle., McCabe, Peter., Burdett, Ben., Henderson, Chris., London, David., Boyer, Peter. View and download PDF
1-Jan-2007 Research In 2007 a new management plan was adopted for the Mawson's Huts Historic Site. The plan is in place from 2007 - 2012 and its objective is to guide management decisions as well as on and off site actions to identify, protect, conserve, present and transmit to all generations, the National Commonwealth Heritage values and other values of the Mawson's Huts Historic Site.

Completeness - Complete



References - Mawson's Huts Historic Site Management Plan 2007 - 2012 (2007) Commonwealth of Australia View and download PDF
17-Oct-2002 Inspection In October 2002 the Australian Antarctic Division sent an eight person team to Cape Denison to carry out conservation of the Main Huts and the other buildings and structures on the site. The Proclamation Flag Pole and plaque were inspected and it was determined that no action was necessary. See Mawson's Huts Conservation Report 2002.

Completeness - Complete

Condition - Good

Location - Cape Denison

©AAD, Copyright Commonwealth of Australia 2002
Catalogue id
IA24281
Caption
Replica plaque at the foot of the Proclamation Flag Pole, Cape Denison
Photographer
Lazer, Estelle

©AAD, Copyright Commonwealth of Australia 2002
Catalogue id
IA24282
Caption
Replica plaque at the foot of the Proclamation Flag Pole, Cape Denison
Photographer
Lazer, Estelle


References - Mawson's Huts Conservation Expedition 2002 (2003) Patterson, Diana., Staples, Michael., Killick, David., Couser, Geoff., Welke, Adrian., Lazer, Estelle., Clarke, Linda., Passingham, Marty. View and download PDF
1-Jul-2001 Research In July 2001 Godden Mackay Logan prepared the Mawson's Huts Historic Site Conservation Management Plan for the Mawson's Huts Foundation. This plan was superceded in 2007 by The Mawson's Huts Historic site Management Plan 2007-2012.

Completeness - Complete



References - Mawson's Huts Historic Site Conservation Management Plan (2001) Ashley, Geoff., Burtenshaw, Natasha., Crook, Penny., et al View and download PDF
1-Oct-1993 Research In 1993 Michael Pearson prepared the Mawson's Huts Historic Site Conservation Plan. The report outlined the reasons why Mawson's Huts were of cultural significance, the condition of the site, the various issues which impinged upon the management of the site. The report also stated the conservation policy which was to be applied to the site and how that policy might be implemented. The document is often referred to in later conservation management plans and expedition works plans.

Completeness - Complete



References - Mawson's Huts Historic Site Conservation Plan May 1993 (1993) Pearson, Michael View and download PDF
1-Jul-1989 Condition Assessment A photograph was taken of the Plaque after removal from Cape Denison so Kingston for storage in the Libraries Special collections

Completeness - Complete

Condition - Fair

Location - [B110] - Hurley Building, Library Special Collection

©AAD, Copyright Commonwealth of Australia 1989
Catalogue id
10029C6
Photographer
Wishart, Elspeth
31-Aug-1988 Research The Australian Antarctic Division commissioned Allom Lovell Marquis-Kyle Architects to prepare a Statement of Significance to provide an appropriate basis from which decisions could be made or policy developed for the conservation of the Mawsons Huts Historical Site in accordance with the Australia ICOMOS Charter for the Conservation of Places of Cultural Significance (The Burra Charter)

Completeness - Complete



References - Mawsons Huts Antarctica Statement of Significance (1988) Allom, Richard and Lawrence-Drew, Margaret View and download PDF
25-Dec-1986 Re-location During the visit to Cape Denison by Michael Pearson and others a replica of the proclamation plaque was attached to the flag pole to replace the original that had been removed in 1985/86 for conservation by Project Blizzard. See: Pearson, M., Report for Antarctic HIstoric sites and Monument Advisory committee on a visit to Mawson's Hut, commonwealth Bay, 25-29 December 1986.

Completeness - Complete

Condition - Good

Location - Cape Denison

©Mawson's Huts Foundation and AAD, Commonwealth of Australia 1986
Catalogue id
IA25578
Caption
Proclamation flag pole and replica plaque after installation of replica plaque by Michael Pearson in December 1986
Photographer
Pearson, Michael

©Mawson's Huts Foundation and AAD, Commonwealth of Australia 1986
Catalogue id
IA25591
Caption
Detail of the replica plaque after installation in 1986
Photographer
Pearson, Michael


References - Report for Antarctic Historic Sites and Monuments Advisory committee on a visit to Mawson's Huts Commonwealth Bay, 25 - 29 December 1986 (1987) Pearson, Michael View and download PDF
24-Dec-1984 Re-location On November 10 1984 the Project Blizzard team of twelve left Sydney on the Dick Smith Explorer bound for Commonwealth Bay arriving 24 December, where they spent seven weeks on Cape Denison carrying out a broad range of tasks including the removal of the plaque from the Proclamation Flag pole for conservation in Australia.

Completeness - Complete

Location - Cape Denison

©AAD, Copyright Commonwealth of Australia 1984
Catalogue id
3500A2
Caption
Mawson's sovereignty plaque of 5th January 1931. BANZARE voyage.
Photographer
Blunt, W

©AAD, Copyright Commonwealth of Australia 1984
Catalogue id
3500A3
Caption
Mawson's sovereignty plaque of 5th January 1931. BANZARE voyage.
Photographer
Blunt, W

©AAD, Copyright Commonwealth of Australia 1984
Catalogue id
3500A6
Caption
Detail of Mawson's sovereignty plaque of 5th January 1931. BANZARE voyage.
Photographer
Blunt, W

©AAD, Copyright Commonwealth of Australia 1984
Catalogue id
3500B1
Caption
Detail of Mawson's sovereignty plaque of 5th January 1931. BANZARE voyage.
Photographer
Blunt, W

©AAD, Copyright Commonwealth of Australia 1984
Catalogue id
3500B2
Caption
Detail of Mawson's sovereignty plaque of 5th January 1931. BANZARE voyage.
Photographer
Blunt, W

©AAD, Copyright Commonwealth of Australia 1984
Catalogue id
3500B3
Caption
Detail of Mawson's sovereignty plaque of 5th January 1931. BANZARE voyage.
Photographer
Blunt, W

©AAD, Copyright Commonwealth of Australia 1984
Catalogue id
3500D2
Caption
Mawson's sovereignty plaque of 5th January 1931. BANZARE voyage.
Photographer
Blunt, W

©AAD, Copyright Commonwealth of Australia 1984
Catalogue id
3500D3
Caption
Mawson's sovereignty plaque of 5th January 1931. BANZARE voyage.
Photographer
Blunt, W

©AAD, Copyright Commonwealth of Australia 1984
Catalogue id
3500C6
Caption
Detail of Mawson's sovereignty plaque of 5th January 1931. BANZARE voyage.
Photographer
Blunt, W

©AAD, Copyright Commonwealth of Australia 1984
Catalogue id
3500D5
Caption
Detail of Mawson's sovereignty plaque of 5th January 1931. BANZARE voyage.
Photographer
Blunt, W


References - Project Blizzard 1984 - 1985 Expedition. Preliminary Report and Recomendations (1985) Blunt, William
Report on the repatriation to Australia of the mertz-Ninnis memorial plaque and the Proclamation plaque from Commonwealth Bay, Antarctica by Project Blizzard (1985) Blunt, William View and download PDF
18-Jan-1978 Inspection On 18 January 1978 Rod Ledingham, Jean Ledingham, Guy Macklan and Ray Brookes arrived at Cape Denison along with Peter Granhom, Don Devitt, Doug Twigg, Graham Russell and Eric Leah, these last five members staying on shore for one day only while the other members remained at Commonwealth Bay until 26 February. Photographs of the Proclamation Plaque were taken showing the the encapsulation of the plaque in a perspex box.

Completeness - Complete

Location - Cape Denison

©AAD, Copyright Commonwealth of Australia 1978
Catalogue id
1823C5
Caption
Proclamation sign of 1931
Photographer
Ledingham, Roderick B (Rod)


References - Commonwealth Bay Report 18 January to 26 February 1978 Antarctic Division Technical Memorandum 69. (1978) Ledingham, Rod.,Macklan, Guy., Ledingham, Jean., Brookes, Ray. View and download PDF
26-Feb-1977 Inspection The Casey Relief Expedition on the Thala Dan went ashore at Dumont d'Urville and used the French facilities as a base for the helicopter flight to Commonwealth Bay. The purpose of the visit was to close up all roof hatches to try to reduce the amount of drift entering and also stop the wind doing more structural damage to Mawson's Hut. A sledge from outside the hut was RTAd to the Museum of South Australia. The team members included William Young, Ross Hutchinson, Richard Lightfoot, M.J. Sonneveld and K. Gibson. The original plaque was removed for return to Australia and a replacement plaque attached.

Completeness - Complete

Location - Cape Denison

©AAD, Copyright Commonwealth of Australia 1977
Catalogue id
1819A4
Caption
Mawson's Proclamation
Photographer
Young, William F (Bill)

©AAD, Copyright Commonwealth of Australia 1977
Catalogue id
1819B1
Caption
Site of Mawson's proclamation ceremony 1931
Photographer
Young, William F (Bill)

©AAD, Copyright Commonwealth of Australia 1977
Catalogue id
1819B2
Caption
Old and replacement plaque at Proclamation Hill
Photographer
Young, William F (Bill)

©AAD, Copyright Commonwealth of Australia 1977
Catalogue id
995C4
Caption
Proclamation plaque from Commonwealth Bay
Photographer
Reeves, Robert D (Bob)

©AAD, Copyright Commonwealth of Australia 1977
Catalogue id
995C5
Photographer
Reeves, Robert D (Bob)

©AAD, Copyright Commonwealth of Australia 1977
Catalogue id
995D4
Photographer
Reeves, Robert D (Bob)


References - Commonwealth Bay Visitors Log Book () View and download PDF
14-Jan-1974 Inspection On 14 January 1974 the Casey Relief Expedition on the Thala Dan visited Cape Denison with the intention of inspecting the condition of Mawson's Huts. Photographs were taken of the proclamation pole and plaque during this visit.

Completeness - Complete

Condition - Fair

Location - Cape Denison

©AAD, Copyright Commonwealth of Australia 1974
Catalogue id
1815B4
Caption
Mawson's proclamation plaque at Cape Denison
Photographer
Gooley, Keith W

©AAD, Copyright Commonwealth of Australia 1974
Catalogue id
1816A1
Caption
Site of Mawson's 1931 proclamation of British Sovereignty at Cape Denison
Photographer
Gooley, Keith W

©AAD, Copyright Commonwealth of Australia 1974
Catalogue id
1815B6
Caption
Douglas Mawson's Proclamation for British sovereignty in what is now known as Australian Antarctic Territory
Photographer
Humphreys, Alan E


References - Commonwealth Bay Visitors Log Book () View and download PDF
Report on visit to Cape Denison January 1974. Antarctic Division Technical Memorandum No. 24 (1974) Humphreys, A. E., Lugg, D.J. View and download PDF
29-Jan-1962 Expedition Voyage 6 of the 1961/62 season on the Thala Dan led by Phillip Law called in at Cape Denison as part of the Wilkes changeover and survey of the Wilkes and Oates Land coasts. Dr Phillip Law noted in his report of the 1962 Voyage: "After breakfast I had given the men a long talk on the history of Australians in Antarctica and the history of Sir Douglas Mawson's Australasian Antarctic Expedition and its achievements. I warned them against disturbing anything ashore at the old Mawson Station. The wind continued to blow on Wednesday 31 and we anchored about 1 ½ miles off the ice cliffs and to the west of Cape Denison in Commonwealth Bay at 1145 hours. At 1400 hours the First Mate took Burch and myself ashore. It was still blowing at 30 knots and we had a very wet trip. While Burch proceeded with magnetic work I hoisted the Australian flag, took various photographs and examined the station. I found the main hut filled to the gables with ice. The nearby meteriorological shelter was half demolished [the Transit hut] and filled with drift snow. The Absolute Magnetic hut had disintegrated and only broken wall timbers still stand like pickets in a fence. However the Magnetograph hut was in excellent order partly because it was heaped around with rocks and partly because it was so thoroughly sealed. Inside a tin in the hut are three notes. The first was a copy of Blakes [sic] original note. The second note was signed by Father Mayaud of the 1951 French Expedition, The third was by P.E. Victor, dated 25 January 1959 giving details of the French re-occupation of the station. We returned to the ship at 1700 hours and found that Harwood had completed rigging the pontoon. As the weather was by then excellent I decided to take the men ashore after dinner. Almost everybody came ashore at 1930 hours. The men assembled around the Hut, I raised the Australian Flag, we gave three cheers for Mawson and then photographed the assemblage. Some of the wood of the station showed remarkable examples of erosion caused by wind-driven snow. On the memorial cross the oregon timber had been eroded away to a depth of 1 ½ inches. We left by pontoon at 2030 in a strong katabatic wind and had a moderately rough ride with plenty of spray out to the ship....This historic site made a deep impression upon all of us. I shall strongly recommend that efforts are made to restore the station to the condition in which it was when occupied by the Mawsons expedition. As such it would be a fitting memorial and a valuable historic site."

Completeness - Complete

Location - Cape Denison

References - Report of the 1962 Voyage of "Thala Dan" to Wilkes and Oates Land (1962) Law, Phillip View and download PDF
5-Jan-1931 History On the 5th of January 1931 the Proclamation flag pole and plaque was erected at Cape Denison by Douglas Mawson and the members of the British Australian New Zealand Antarctic Expedition.


©AAD, Copyright Commonwealth of Australia 1931
Catalogue id
IA18680
Caption
The Proclamation of King George V Land
Photographer
Hurley, James Francis (Frank)


References - B.A.N.Z. Antarctic Research Expedition 1929-1931, Reports - Series A, Volume IV (Meteorology and Terrestrial Magnetism), Part 1, Terrestrial Magnetism () Clinton Coleridge Farr, D.Sc.,
The Winning of Australian Antarctica. Mawson's B.A.N.Z.A.R.E Voyages 1929 - 1931. (1962) Grenfell Price, A.

Significance - association with expeditioners or expedition

Significance : Commonwealth Heritage List - Criterion A: Processes (Historical) (definition) National Heritage List - Criterion A: Processes (Historical) (definition)
Expedition Association : BANZARE (definition)

References - links to images, publications etc.

Literature